A speaking frame provides a strategy for breaking down and analysing 'what we say' and 'how we say it' in familiar and unfamiliar circumstances. Thinking about speaking frames and using speaking frame grids in your course may help your trainees understand
• the way they speak – and best ways to interact in different contexts
• gestures and other body language that help or hinder successful communication
• what they bring to the conversation in terms of attitude and approach
• what they can already say – and now need to say – scripting where necessary.
describes some common and less common speaking frames
shows an example of a speaking frame grid
encourages you to reflect on your learners speaking skills against course or job demands, and think about how to address gaps between the two.
Examples of speaking frames in everyday life
Find out which speaking skills your learners have experienced or seen modelled in their own lives - at home, at school or in the community.
Speaking frames in a carpentry context
Carpenters Speaking and Listening Demands
Suppose a trainee discovers the need to discuss problems with a plan or design with supervisor or other carpenters.
Although the trainee is good at speaking about things that matter to him (intrinsic motivation)...
he finds it more challenging to speak up about a problem he sees at the workplace.
The tutor may use the teaching sequence of a Speaking Frame to help the trainee with this.
Teaching Sequence for Speaking Frames
The teaching sequence outlined here can be used to train learners how to prepare to speak in unfamiliar or challenging situations.
Elicit the process, approach and possible scripts
Discuss body language or attitudes that may be important
Create a glossary or set of vocabulary around the context
Link to future vocational pathway
The grid below serves as a framework for the teaching sequence.
Watch the video to see the teaching sequence in action:
Speaking frames introduction
Speaking frames example
The completed grid
Key literacy outcomes
Some benefits of using speaking frames for embedded literacy teaching:
Models familiar and unfamiliar speaking processes
Develops confidence and encourages clarity of expression
Provides opportunity to use technical vocabulary or specialised words and create glossaries or word lists relevant to context
Helps learners understand meaning of new language and expressions
Models appropriate use of language and register