As expert writers compose, they are constantly reviewing what they write in the light of their purpose, the plans they formed, their audience and the clarity and effectiveness of their writing.
Many beginner writers are not aware of the need to review by rereading or, if they do reread their work, they are not sure what they are looking for. They generally lack awareness of the quality of what they have written, focusing instead on the accuracy of the surface features. They often make changes to surface features if they reread, but they may miss even surface errors because they tend to read what they intended to write rather than what they have actually written.
Expert writers also proofread their work, checking such surface features as legibility, spelling, grammar and punctuation. More importantly, they review their writing, checking elements of style and appropriateness to purpose and audience, and they restructure and adjust the text to suit the audience and the purpose. In addition, expert writers view writing as a process of discovering meaning.
The use of technology for writing extends the options available to adult learners. Email, text messaging and writing for the internet all provide learners with engaging contexts in which they can learn to write for a range of purposes and audiences.
Each form has its own rules and constraints as well as providing access to a wider audience than print forms. Computers support writing development because they enable users to revise their text quickly and easily. Computer spelling and grammar checks provide non-threatening tools for checking accuracy.