ahh
LOGIN / SIGN UP
Te Arapiki Ako
"Towards better teaching & learning"
 

Background information


Comment on this item  
 
Add to your favourites
Remove from your favourites
Add a note on this item
Recommend to a friend
Comment on this item
Send to printer
Request a reminder of this item
Cancel a reminder of this item
Share |
Last updated 26 October 2012 15:28 by NZTecAdmin

Knowledge of letter formation is important for fluent writing, removing the ‘cognitive load’ from the writer and enabling the writer to focus on the message itself. Letter formation reinforces knowledge of letter names and recognition, and of upper and lower cases.

In addition, it may be easier for learners to recognise letters in a word if they know how to form the letters – for example, knowing that a b starts with the down stroke may help a student distinguish it from a d, which starts with the curve.

Knowledge of the function of upper and lower case letters in reading and writing is important for identifying or marking the beginnings of sentences and for recognising or marking key information such as names and places. Writers who use a random mix of lower and upper case letters, or who use all upper case letters may be judged (often wrongly) as unsophisticated or unintelligent.

Working with learners to standardise their handwriting and to use a word processor can greatly improve self-esteem and confidence. Neat handwriting is not an essential skill, however. Many adults have poor handwriting, and keyboard skills are more commonly used in a lot of cases. Nevertheless, being able to communicate in handwriting that is at least legible is an important skill.

Over many years of development, the elements of learning to write in English have included the skills mentioned already, such as working from left to right and from top to bottom of the page. These skills have become recognised as essential building blocks for writing.

The correct and consistent formation of letters is an initial step in learning to write in English. It includes skills such as recognising patterns, knowing where to begin a letter, making shapes, knowing where a letter starts and ends, and getting the correct height, spacing, position and size; the attainment of these skills is often followed by joining letters (for cursive writing).50

As learners master these skills, their ability to write fluently and quickly increases and they are able to relate what they write to the meanings and sounds of the words they are forming from individual letters.51 Readers and writers who form letters according to the established conventions are usually more fluent and confident than those who do not.

50 Spiegel and Sunderland, 2007.

51 Brod, 2002; Department for Children, Schools and Families, 2001; National Association of ESOL Home Tutor Schemes (Inc), 2007; Spiegel and Sutherland, 2001.

Quicklinks

Comments

 

19 August 2017 13:51
Running Shoe Fit Tips
Foot size: Shoe lasts (which determine shoe sizes) vary by manufacturer and even from one shoe model to another. http://www.lightupshoe.sale. You may need a half-size or even a full size smaller or larger than you think. If you're unsure, have your feet measured. http://www.nikeyeah.com. Try on shoes at the end of the day. Your feet normally swell a bit during the day's activities and will be at their largest then. This helps you avoid buying www.mkpee.com shoes that are too small. http://www.nikeshoesales.com. Aim for a thumbnail's length of extra space in the toebox. The width should be snug but allow a bit of room for your foot to move without rubbing. Laces should be snug but not tight. Barefoot shoes are an exception: Heel and toes should “fit like a glove”without any extra http://www.shoesmaxs.com space in the toes.
04 September 2017 14:09
http://Students good reading <a href="http://www.nikeyeah.com/Basketball-Shoes.html">Basketball Shoes</a> , But also to read a good book, can really become a spirit of open, independent, powerful people. To encourage children to do paper reading, and now many children like to read e-books, or micro-microblogging debris http://www.mkpee.com/wallets-c-2.html http://www.mkpee.com/totes-c-13.html http://www.mkpee.com/value-spree-c-17.html http://www.mkpee.com http://www.mkpee.com http://www.mkpee.com/totes-c-13.html http://www.mkpee.com/crossbody-bags-c-14.html http://www.mkpee.com/shoulder-bags-c-11.html http://www.mkuker.com/shoulder-bags-c-14_30/ http://www.mkuker.com/totes-c-14_20/ http://www.mkuker.com/michael-kors-belts-c-43/ http://www.mkuker.com/shoulder-bags-c-37_44/ http://www.mkuker.com/totes-c-37_39/ http://www.nikemax.shoes/nike-free-mens-nike-free-50-mens-c-1_71.html http://www.nikemax.shoes/nike-free-mens-nike-free-50-v3-mens-c-1_80.html http://www.nikemax.shoes/nike-free-mens-nike-free-50-v4-mens-c-1_101.html http://www.nikeshoesales.com/index.php?main_page=index&cPath=104 http://www.nikeshoesales.com/index.php?main_page=index&cPath=103 http://www.nikeshoesales.com/index.php?main_page=index&cPath=105 http://www.shoesmaxs.com/nike-air-max-air-max-2014-c-2_11.html http://www.shoesmaxs.com/nike-air-max-air-max-2015-c-2_8.html http://www.shoesmaxs.com/nike-air-max-air-max-2016-c-2_9.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-free-nike-free-run-3-c-89_99.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-free-nike-free-run-2-c-89_98.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-free-nike-free-50-c-89_93.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-free-womens-nike-free-run-c-89_95.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-free-womens-nike-free-run-c-89_95.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-free-nike-free-50-c-89_93.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-free-nike-free-40-c-89_92.html http://www.nikebtc.com/nike-lebron-c-34.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-30-v2-c-94_98.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-30-v3-c-94_100.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-30-v4-c-94_101.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-40-v2-c-94_102.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-50-v4-c-94_103.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-50-c-94_104.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-powerlines-c-94_106.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-run-c-94_109.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-run-2-c-94_107.html http://www.nikedrill.com/nike-free-nike-free-run-3-c-94_108.html http://www.mkyoo.com/ http://www.mkyoo.com/checkbook-wallets-c-52/ http://www.mkyoo.com/cross-body-c-51/ http://www.mkyoo.com/package-deals-c-50/ http://www.mkyoo.com/satchel-c-49/ http://www.mkyoo.com/shoulder-bags-c-48/ http://www.mkyoo.com/totes-c-47/ http://www.mklob.com/crossbody-bags-c-79.html http://www.mklob.com/michael-kors-coats-c-1.html http://www.mklob.com/-hobo-c-89.html http://www.mklob.com/hobo-bedford-c-89_91.html http://www.mklob.com/hobo-blake-c-89_90.html
Only registered users may comment. Log in to comment

Search this section

Knowing the Demands Knowing the Learner Knowing the What to Do

News feeds

Subscribe to newsletter